Image by Elizaveta Shitikova

The Rugs

The first rugs were created by nomadic peoples of central Asia thousands of years ago for utilitarian purposes. Because the nomads herded sheep, they had plenty of wool on hand to make rugs. They also lived in a cold environment that made woolen products appealing for the warmth and comfort they provided. Fabrication was simplified thanks to portable, makeshift horizontal looms that were laid on the ground.